Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Government Engage International Initiatives-Myassignmenthelp.Com
Question: How Should The Government Engage With International Initiatives To Address The Problem Of Climate Change Refugees? Answer: Introducation Every year, round the globe, millions of inhabitants are forced to move or flee out of their host territory due to natural hazards in their environments. The climate change is making matters worse by increasing the frequency and intensity of important drivers of displacement such as floods, droughts and other extreme weather conditions. Climate change is said to generate a substantial increases in the population movement in the coming decades. Latest research in this domain has indicated that the climate-changerelated migration is likely to result in adverse health outcomes. This health outcome will get reflected in both displaced and in the host populations. The conditions will be severe during the situations of the forced migration. However, where migration and other mobility concerns are effectively used as an adaptive strategy, the subsequent health risks are likely to get minimized. Moreover, in some cases there are possible indications of health gains (McMichael et al. 2012). In order to address the problem of climate change refugees, purposeful and timely policy interventions by the government are mandatory. This will promote the overall mobility of people, enhance the well-being of the population, and at the same time will maximize the economic and social development in both places of origin and places of destination (host countries). Nevertheless, the extreme anticipated occurrence of the substantial relocation of the groups and the migrating communities will underscore the impact of the fundamental seriousness of the human-induced climate change on the host country (McAdam 2012). The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is a non-binding agreement aimed at reducing the consequences of climate change. It entered into force on 21 March 1994, following ratification by 50 governments (states parties). Australia ratified on 30 December 19929 (Obergassel at al. 2016). In Australia Climate change in the Pacific Islands and several threats in the field of food security, water security, increased in vector born disease, infrastructural and land losses and sea level rise is the main reasons behind the generation of climate refugees. In order to fight back against the alarming problem of climate change refugee Australia needs to Support Multilateral initiatives It will aim at the consolidation and subsequent development of the normative principles. Normative principles will reform regional or national laws and policies that are designed over the environmental migration. As per the latest amendment, by the UNHCR in Oslo in June 2011, refinement of the pre-existing rules in chapter of the international law, and highlighting the responsibility of the national, local and international factors will assist to fight against climate change refugee problem. Capacity building in origin and transit countries Australia must sign up and stick to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. It will act as a legal basis for shielding people who are displaced within their own territory due to environmental migration. Optimal protection at the residence is an important way out to curb the predominant pressure to migrate abroad. However, small Pacific Island countries (as in case of Australia) there are lack of focus on long-term and medium migration challenges. National Legislation Concept like support for adaptation in origin countries or capacity-building in transit countries id not enough to stop environmental migration problem in Australia. In order to restrict such issues, Australia needs to frame a national legislation over the concept of environmental migrants. This can only be done via erecting a humanitarian category for environmental migrants. This said concept was proposed in the Greens 2007 Bill. It is also popularly known as climate refugee visa category and is specifically directed towards the people who are fleeing a disaster that results from both incremental and rapid ecological and climatic change and disruption (Farbotko at al., 2012). References: Farbotko, C. and Lazrus, H., 2012. The first climate refugees? Contesting global narratives of climate change in Tuvalu.Global Environmental Change,22(2), pp.382-390. Farbotko, C. and Lazrus, H., 2012. The first climate refugees? Contesting global narratives of climate change in Tuvalu.Global Environmental Change,22(2), pp.382-390. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2014.Climate Change 2014Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Regional Aspects. Cambridge University Press. McAdam, J., 2012.Climate change, forced migration, and international law. Oxford University Press. McMichael, C., Barnett, J. and McMichael, A.J., 2012. An ill wind? Climate change, migration, and health.Environmental health perspectives,120(5), p.646. Obergassel, W., Arens, C., Hermwille, L., Kreibich, N., Mersmann, F., Ott, H.E. and Wang-Helmreich, H., 2016.Phoenix from the Ashes: An Analysis of the Paris Agreement to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Wuppertal Institut fr Klima, Umwelt, Energie.